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Esperanto

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Alphabet Esperanto

Xeo-Voice is a freeware program for speech synthesis and music vocalizing with function of record sound to the file. Language Esperanto (latin alphabet 1887) is supported.

By default the stress falls to the second-last syllable of the word, else add the backquote after the stressed vowel, for example, the names: Kri`stofer, Ma`rgaret, etc.

See the texts in language Esperanto (latin alphabet 1887) at esperanto.net, eo.wikipedia.org, etc.

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For the text input through keyboard the program Xeo-Voice 1.x uses two standard layots: english and english-russian. On the base of UTF-8 table for language Esperanto the special alphabet was created.

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ALPHABET ESPERANTO 2013 for Xeo-Voice 1.x

Author: Ronald Sp4rk
E-mail: sp4rk@myway.com
Site: http://sp4rk.qc.to/xeo-voice/epo/doc/
Created (v1.0): 24.09.2013
Edited (v1.1): 11.11.2013
Edited (v1.2): 01.02.2014
Edited (v1.3): 02.05.2014
Edited (v1.4): 27.07.2014
Edited (v1.5): 31.10.2014

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Alphabet Esperanto 2013 contains the symbols which are necessary for the correct recording, reading and a pronunciation of texts in language Esperanto. 4 encodings are supported.

The encoding cyr-2013 is completely based on cyrillic alphabet, the encoding lat-2013 - on latin alphabet. In the encoding eng-rus-2013 (english-russian layot), instead of cyrillic symbols, which are not present in russian alphabet, letters from english alphabet are taken. In the encoding eng-2013 (english layot) all symbols are replaced with english letters and their combinations.

All encodings 2013 (and also 1887) are completely convertible among themselves. It is possible to enter symbols in english or english-russian layot and then to encode the text into cyrillic or latin alphabet, and on the contrary.

The writing of 7 old letters are changed: Ĉ ĉ on Ç ç, J j on Y y, Ĝ ĝ on J j, Ĥ ĥ on Ȟ ȟ, Ĵ ĵ on Ž ž, Ŝ ŝ on Š š, Ŭ ŭ on W w.

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lat-1887      ipa    cyr-2013      eng-rus-2013  lat-2013      eng-2013
latin         ipa    cyrillic      eng.-rus.     latin         eng.

A a       01. a      А а           А а           A a           A a
B b       02. b      Б б           Б б           B b           B b
C c       03. ts     Ц ц           Ц ц           C c           C c
Ĉ ĉ       04. tɕ     Ч ч           Ч ч           Ç ç [1]       Ch ch
D d       05. d      Д д           Д д           D d           D d
E e       06. e      Ě ě           Е е           E e           E e
F f       07. f      Ф ф           Ф ф           F f           F f
G g       08. g      Г г           Г г           G g           G g
Ĝ ĝ       09. dʑ     Ӝ ӝ           J j           J j [3]       J j
H h       10. h      Һ һ           Y h [8]       H h           X x
Ĥ ĥ       11. x      Х х           Х х           Ȟ ȟ [4]       Kh kh
I i       12. i      Ӥ ӥ           И и           I i           I i
J j       13. j      Й й           Й й           Y y [2]       Y y
Ĵ ĵ       14. ʒ      Ж ж           Ж ж           Ž ž [5]       Zh zh
K k       15. k      К к           К к           K k           K k
L l       16. l      Л л           Л л           L l           L l
M m       17. m      М м           М м           M m           M m
N n       18. n      Н н           Н н           N n           N n
O o       19. o      О о           О о           O o           O o
P p       20. p      П п           П п           P p           P p
R r       21. r      Р р           Р р           R r           R r
S s       22. s      С с           С с           S s           S s
Ŝ ŝ       23. ʃ      Ш ш           Ш ш           Š š [6]       Sh sh
T t       24. t      Т т           Т т           T t           T t
U u       25. u      У у           У у           U u           U u
Ŭ ŭ       26. w      Ў ў           W w           W w [7]       W w
V v       27. v      В в           В в           V v           V v
Z z       28. z      З з           З з           Z z           Z z

Remark: Also it is supported the encoding arab-2013. See the table with arabic alphabet in Menu -- Help -- Manual,
or at the site: http://sp4rk.qc.to/xeo-voice/inter/doc/
It is need to appreciate that the case of letters is lost in encoding into arabic alphabet.

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Notes:
[1] The writing of old esperanto letter Ĉ ĉ was changed on Ç ç.
[2] The writing of old esperanto letter J j was changed on Y y.
[3] The writing of old esperanto letter Ĝ ĝ was changed on J j.
[4] The writing of old esperanto letter Ĥ ĥ was changed on Ȟ ȟ.
[5] The writing of old esperanto letter Ĵ ĵ was changed on Ž ž.
[6] The writing of old esperanto letter Ŝ ŝ was changed on Š š.
[7] The writing of old esperanto letter Ŭ ŭ was changed on W w.

[8] In the encoding eng-rus-2013 upper-case leter H (h) is occupied with cyrillic Н (н), that's why, instead of latin H, letter Y was taken.

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3 speech style are supported: russian, english and french. In english style the alveolar [r] is automatically changed on the approximant [ɹ], the alveolar [l] is changed on the velar [ʟ], the dental [t], [d] and [n] are changed on the alveolar [t], [d] and [n] accordingly. In french style [r] is changed on the uvular [ʀ].

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Example of the reencoding of text

lat-1887: Esperanto (origine Lingvo Internacia) estas la plej disvastigita internacia planlingvo. La nomo venas de la kaŝnomo "Dr Esperanto", sub kiu la juda kuracisto Ludoviko Lazaro Zamenhofo en la jaro 1887 publikigis la bazon de la lingvo. La unua versio, la rusa, ricevis la cenzuran permeson disvastiĝi en la 26-a de julio; ĉi tiun daton oni konsideras la naskiĝtago de Esperanto. Li intencis krei facile lerneblan neŭtralan lingvon, taŭgan por uzo en la internacia komunikado, tamen ne anstataŭigi aliajn, naciajn lingvojn.

cyr-2013: Ěспěранто (орӥгӥнě Лӥнгво Ӥнтěрнацӥа) ěстас ла плěй дӥсвастӥгӥта ӥнтěрнацӥа планлӥнгво. Ла номо вěнас дě ла кашномо "Др Ěспěранто", суб кӥу ла йуда курацӥсто Лудовӥко Лазаро Замěнһофо ěн ла йаро 1887 публӥкӥгӥс ла базон дě ла лӥнгво. Ла унуа вěрсӥо, ла руса, рӥцěвӥс ла цěнзуран пěрмěсон дӥсвастӥӝӥ ěн ла 26-а дě йулӥо; чӥ тӥун датон онӥ консӥдěрас ла наскӥӝтаго дě Ěспěранто. Лӥ ӥнтěнцӥс крěӥ фацӥлě лěрнěблан нěўтралан лӥнгвон, таўган пор узо ěн ла ӥнтěрнацӥа комунӥкадо, тамěн нě анстатаўӥгӥ алӥайн, нацӥайн лӥнгвойн.

eng-2013: Esperanto (origine Lingvo Internacia) estas la pley disvastigita internacia planlingvo. La nomo venas de la kashnomo "Dr Esperanto", sub kiu la yuda kuracisto Ludoviko Lazaro Zamenxofo en la yaro 1887 publikigis la bazon de la lingvo. La unua versio, la rusa, ricevis la cenzuran permeson disvastiji en la 26-a de yulio; chi tiun daton oni konsideras la naskijtago de Esperanto. Li intencis krei facile lerneblan newtralan lingvon, tawgan por uzo en la internacia komunikado, tamen ne anstatawigi aliayn, naciayn lingvoyn.

lat-2013: Esperanto (origine Lingvo Internacia) estas la pley disvastigita internacia planlingvo. La nomo venas de la kašnomo "Dr Esperanto", sub kiu la yuda kuracisto Ludoviko Lazaro Zamenhofo en la yaro 1887 publikigis la bazon de la lingvo. La unua versio, la rusa, ricevis la cenzuran permeson disvastiji en la 26-a de yulio; çi tiun daton oni konsideras la naskijtago de Esperanto. Li intencis krei facile lerneblan newtralan lingvon, tawgan por uzo en la internacia komunikado, tamen ne anstatawigi aliayn, naciayn lingvoyn.

arab-2013: ۏسپۏرانتۆ (ۆرێگێنۏ لێنگۋۆ ێنتۏرناڅێا) ۏستاس لا پلۏي دێسۋاستێگێتا ێنتۏرناڅێا پلانلێنگۋۆ. لا نۆمۆ ۋۏناس دۏ لا كاشنۆمۆ "در ۏسپۏرانتۆ", سۇب كێۇ لا يۇدا كۇراڅێستۆ لۇدۆۋێكۆ لازارۆ زامۏنهۆفۆ ۏن لا يارۆ 1887 پۇبلێكێگێس لا بازۆن دۏ لا لێنگۋۆ. لا ۇنۇا ۋۏرسێۆ, لا رۇسا, رێڅۏۋێس لا څۏنزۇران پۏرمۏسۆن دێسۋاستێجێ ۏن لا 26-ا دۏ يۇلێۆ; چێ تێۇن داتۆن ۆنێ كۆنسێدۏراس لا ناسكێجتاگۆ دۏ ۏسپۏرانتۆ. لێ ێنتۏنڅێس كرۏێ فاڅێلۏ لۏرنۏبلان نۏوترالان لێنگۋۆن, تاوگان پۆر ۇزۆ ۏن لا ێنتۏرناڅێا كۆمۇنێكادۆ, تامۏن نۏ انستاتاوێگێ الێاين, ناڅێاين لێنگۋۆين.


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